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  15 Racial Prejudice

  In some countries where racial prejudice is acute, violence has been taken for granted as a means of solving differences; and this is not even questioned. There are countries ___1___ the white man imposes his rule by brute force; there are countries where the black man protests by __2__ fire to cities and by looting and pillaging. Important people on both sides, who would in other respects appear to be __3__ men, get up and calmly argue __4__ violence- --as if it were a legitimate solution, like any other. What is really frightening, what really fills you __5__ despair, is the realization that when it comes to the crunch, we have made no actual progress __6__. We may wear collars and ties instead of war-paint, but our instincts remain basically unchanged. The whole of the __7__ history of the human race, that tedious documentation of violence, has taught us absolutely nothing. We have still not learnt that violence never __8__ a problem but makes it more acute. The sheer horror, the bloodshed and the suffering __9__ nothing. No solution ever comes to light the morning after when we dismally contemplate the smoking ruins and wonder __10_ hit us.

  The truly reasonable men who know where the solutions __11__ are finding it harder and harder to get a hearing. They are despised, mistrusted and even persecuted by their own __12__ because they advocate such apparently outrageous things __13__ law enforcement. If half the energy that goes into violent acts were __14__, if our efforts were directed at cleaning up the slums and ghettos, at improving living-standards and providing education and employment __15__ all, we would have gone a long way to arriving at a solution.

  EXERCISE:

  1. A) where B) that C) which D) who

  2. A) giving B) catching C) setting D) letting

  3. A) reasonable B) reasonably C) reasonless D) reason

  4. A) for the sake of B) for fear of C) in case of D) in favor of

  5. A) for B) with C) by D) up

  6. A) at all B) after all C) at last D) in the end

  7. A) record B) recording C) recorded D) records

  8. A) keeps B) deals C) answers D) solves

  9. A) meant B) mean C) is meaning D) are meaning

  10. A) what B) that C) / D) which

  11. A) lay B) lays C) lie D) lies

  12. A) kind B) way C) right D) rule

  13. A) like B) so C) that D) as

  14. A) put to use good B0 put to good use C0 put good to use D) good put to use

  15. A) by B) at C) for D) with

  KEY:A C A D B A C D B A C A D B C

  PASSAGE 16

  Public and Private Schools in the Unite States

  Religious and private schools receive little or no support from public taxes in the Unite States, and, as a result, are usually somewhat expensive to_1_. The largest group of religious schools in America _2_ by the Roman Catholic Church. While religious schools tend to be_3_ expensive than private schools, there are usually some fees.

  When there is free education available to all children in the Unite States, why do people _4_ money on private schools? Americans offer_5_ great variety of reasons for doing so, including the desire of some parents to _6_ their children to schools _7_ classes tend to be smaller, or where religious instruction is included as part of the educational program, or because, _8_ their opinion, the public schools in their area are not _9_ high enough quality to meet their needs. Private schools in the Unite States _10_ widely in size, quality, and in the kind of program that are offered to meet _11_ of certain students.

  The degree _12_ American parents are active in their children's schools is often _13_ to people of other countries. Most schools have organizations _14_ of both parents and teachers, usually called P.T.A for Parent-Teacher-Association. They meet together to _15_ various matters concerning the school. Parents often give their time to help with classroom or after school activities.

  1.A) go B) attend C) take part in D) enroll

  2. A) were run B) run C) is run D) is running

  3.A) less B) more C) rather D) much

  4. A) spend B) pay C) cost D) take

  5. A) a B) the C) some D) /

  6 A) bring B) bringing C) send D) sending

  7. A) which B) what C) in that D) where

  8. A) to B) in C) on D) for

  9. A) / B) in C) of D) on

  10. A) differ B) varies C) extend D) differs

  11. A) the needs B) the satisfaction C) needs D) need

  12. A) on which B) to which C) which D) what

  13. A) surprise B) surprised C) surprising D) striking

  14. A) consisting B) comprising C) composing D) making up

  15. A) talk to B) comment C) discuss D) exchange

  key: BCAAA CDBCA ABCAC

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